Religion, Politics and Society Chapter 4: Women In Society In nearly all countries surveyed, a majority of Muslims say that a wife should always obey her husband.
Nahid Angha The following article first appeared in the journal Sufism: In the west, the common picture of a Muslim woman is the stereotype of a woman hidden behind a veil, a voiceless, silent figure, bereft of rights.
It is a picture familiar to all of us, in large part because this is invariably how the western media portrays women in Islam. Islam covers many lands with many diverse cultures.
From the borders of Arabia to the coasts of Africa, from Bosnia to Indonesia, large groups of people practice Islam. Islam is growing in European and American countries. Each one of these Islamic nations has its own distinct culture; there is a great diversity of cultures within Islam.
One cannot bring all these cultures, political systems, national heritage, belief systems, geographical locations, historical backgrounds, and the peoples who embody them under one uniform category or think of them as one system.
Islam is practiced in each nation according to those nations characteristics. And nations are, by existing as nations, distinct and different from one another. No two cultures are alike. Conceptual Issues Nations in the Middle East, among many other Muslim countries, have long been notorious for their unequal treatment of women especially among the Western nations.
Catching a glimpse of a special on Middle Eastern women while channel surfing or reading from the Middle Eastern chapter in history books is the furthest most people have gone to research the role of women in Islam.
Images of submissive, timid women covered in black veils are there to be found — and, with such a unanimity of popular information, what point could there be in understanding the subject more thoroughly?
What I will provide here is just an outline, a brief summary, as Islam is, in fact, more than just a name, a religion, a social movement. It is recognizing the essence of Divine permeating all there is; it is timeless, priceless, beyond cultures, traditions, and all human limitations.
There are few scholars who have described women in Islam without prejudice or some inclination towards either side of the extreme.
In order to understand the role of women in Islam and to learn how the rules of Islam apply to them, we need to become familiar with Islam, apart from politics practiced in Muslim nations, and to examine the place of women in the pre-Islamic era, the rules and regulations of Islam, and the cultural backgrounds of the countries that are the base of our research, and finally to compare the position of women in the Muslim world with the position of women in western cultures.
The pre-Islamic era dates back to more than years ago. Many cultures, nations and countries, other than Arabia, existed during that time. In that era, in the tribal culture of Arabs, women were not equal to men with respect to many social and personal conditions and systems, such as marriage, inheritance or education, among other areas.
Women did not have businesses, own property, or have independent legal rights. Even though we read about Khadijeh who later became a wife of the Prophet swaand the first Muslim woman who owned her own business, which is an indication that there are always exceptions in any recorded history.
In Arabia, female infants were often abandoned or buried alive; and the practice of polygamy was common. The position of women, in countries other than Arabia, in the 7th century, was not much different.
In Europe, it was not until the turn of the century 13 centuries later that French women became legally able to sell property without the permission of their husbands. In many nations, sons would inherit the name, wealth and position of the family and daughters were hoped to marry rich.Dec 12, · In Iran, the Islamic revolution reversed the veil ban and went to the opposite extreme, requiring a complete cover of head and body for all women, even non-Muslims.
Under Islam, women are spiritually equal to men; however, the rights of women in Islamic society have changed throughout history and vary from region to region.
In Islamic society, women require their husbands' approval to realize many activities and are limited in their access to certain political. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! Dec 12, · Behind the veil: Why Islam's most visible symbol is spreading all of which have little to do with the real reasons why Muslim women veil,” says usually to critique women’s repression.
Position of Women Before the Advent of Islam. Islam was born in the Arabia Peninsula, now Saudi Arabia, in the seventh century AD. The pre-Islamic era dates back to more than years ago. Many cultures, nations and countries, other than Arabia, existed during that time.
May 28, · A recent New York Times article about Muslim women who wear veils yielded about 1, reader comments. “My veil has never stopped me from doing anything,” one woman said.